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Biography of James Tissot
The painter and engraver Jacques Joseph Tissot, called James Tissot, is born in Nantes in 1836. He studies at the School of Fine Arts in Paris; Ingres, Hippolyte Flandrin and Louis Lamothe are among his teachers. He exhibits for the first time at the Salon of 1859. That same year, Tissot chooses to claim his Anglophilia in adopting the first name James. The artist becomes interested in printmaking in 1860. In 1870 and after the disaster of the Franco-German War, the artist moves to London where his geenre scenes are set at the Royal Academy. There, he hangs out with Dante Gabriel Rossetti and John Everett Millais; he realizes caricatures for the magazine "Vanity Fair" (under the pseudonym of Coïdé). In 1882, Tissot returns to Paris and finds refuge in religion. Tissot elegantly dominates the mundane rules of portraiture. After a visit to Jerusalem and Palestine, he mainly realizes compositions depicting scenes from the New Testament ("Life of Christ", published in 1896; "Holy Bible", posthumous edition in 1904). The importance of his work lies in his choice of topics and the ease with which the artist has adapted to the ways of his time (including the Victorian style and Orientalism). Artist particularly refractory to established categories, James Tissot dies at Chenecey-Buillon (Doubs) in 1902.